Turkey eyes Singapore mannequin to thwart hate crime on social media
Turkey’s new social media regulations will review the measures Singapore is currently taking against hate crime cases.
As the Turkish daily Hürriyet reported on Tuesday, the regulation is intended to prevent hate crimes on social media. The new law provides for criminal sanctions against operations that seek political manipulation through internal unrest.
Unlike Germany, France and the UK, the Singapore model imposes 10 years in prison on those who do not remove posts about hate crimes.
While the government emphasizes the German model for the new regulations, the Singapore model has also been scrutinized as social media has become a dangerous medium for hate crimes.
On the way to the 2023 elections, the government wants to prevent the manipulation of the masses through unsubstantiated messages on social media.
In what is known as the “Fake News Law” regulation, the government decides whether or not social media content is safe. In the new regulation, the government wants to identify unsafe content and form a committee that decides which messages are based on lies or were created with the intention of tampering. To do this, a criterion for the definition of fake news and a committee that makes the decision must first be determined.
The Turkish government has accelerated its efforts on new social media regulation in the face of online manipulation and disinformation.
The regulation takes place within the framework of the second paragraph on freedom of expression in Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Offenses that do not fall under the freedom of expression are listed individually.
According to the social media regulation that came into force in Germany in 2017, accounts that contain hate speech and violate the rights of others must be removed by social media providers within 24 hours. Social media providers who fail to remove the posts will face a fine of 50 million euros ($ 58.82 million). In Singapore, people who commit such acts are sentenced to up to 10 years in prison.
The first step in terms of social media guidelines was taken last year when social media providers were asked to open representations in Turkey. The new regulation will continue this first step. The regulation will enter into force when Parliament opens in October.
As efforts to develop a legal framework for social media gain momentum, Turkey also plans to establish a social media directorate under the Supreme Council for Radio and Television (RTÜK).